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Pain and Muscle | April 14, 2021

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What are Carbohydrates ?

What are Carbohydrates ?

Alternative Names :
Starches; Simple sugars; Sugars; Complex carbohydrates; Diet – carbohydrates; Simple carbohydrates.

What are Carbohydrates ?

Carbohydrates are comprised of sugars, starches, and cellulose, they are one of the main dietary components.
The simplest way to understand carbohydrates is to break down what they do for us.
The primary function of carbohydrates is to provide energy for the body, especially the brain and the nervous system. An enzyme called amylase helps break down carbohydrates into glucose (blood sugar),Glucose is a sugar that our body uses to give us energy. Carbohydrates generally provide us with fiber, vitamins and minerals.

What Are the Different Kinds of Carbohydrates and where can I find them?

There are two kinds of carbohydrates: simple and complex.
- We get our simple carbohydrates from foods such as milk, milk products, fruit, table sugar.
- Complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, come from starches like cereal, Whole-grain breads , beans, potatoes, Legumes and starchy vegetables.

Is there any side effect ?

- Getting too many carbohydrates can lead to an increase in total calories, causing obesity.
- Not getting enough carbohydrates can cause a lack of calories (malnutrition), or excessive intake of fats to make up the calories.

Most people should get between 30% and 60% of total calories from carbohydrates, preferably from complex carbohydrates (starches) and natural sugars. Complex carbohydrates provide calories, vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
To increase complex carbohydrates and healthy nutrients:

- Eat more fruits and vegetables.
- Eat more whole-grain rice, breads, and cereals.
- Eat more legumes (beans, lentils, and dried peas).